_ G&M Comliance. 15 October 2018.
What is the EAC Certificate?
An EAC certificate can only be granted after a quality assessment by an independent certification body that is accredited by the Eurasian Economic Union and its member states. The quality assessment may include providing technical documents, testing product samples, and conducting a factory audit at the manufacturing facility. To obtain an EAC Certificate, companies typically need a local agent who will represent the manufacturers in Russia, Armenia, Belarus, and other member states of the Eurasian Economic Union.
The EAC Certificate can be issues for a certain quantity of items or for ongoing production for up to 5 years. There are three main EAC certification schemes:
- Scheme 1с: TR Customs Union Certification EAC for products produced in quantity
- Scheme 3с: TR Customs Union Certification EAC for a batch of products
- Scheme 4с: TR Customs Union Certification EAC for a single product (unit certification)
What is the EAC Declaration?
An EAC declaration comes from the producer or manufacturer themselves — not an accredited, independent body, like the EAC Certificate. This Declaration states that the product meets the minimum requirements of EAC technical regulations. Companies that pursue an EAC Declaration perform all tests and analysis in-house, then provide a summary in the Declaration. The EAC Declaration is official once it is accepted and recorded in the official Eurasian Economic Union register.
What is the difference between an EAC Certificate and EAC Declaration?
There are several significant differences between the EAC Certificate and an EAC Declaration
- Testing: Tests and inspections must be conducted by an independent certification body in order to obtain an EAC Certificate. On the other hand, tests are conducted by the manufacturer themselves for the EAC Declaration.
- Difficulty to Obtain: The EAC Certificate is usually more difficult to get than the EAC Declaration. Coordinating testing, inspections, and other requirements with a third-party agency often involves a longer timeline and higher cost than working through certification requirements in-house.
- Inspections: Companies must submit to a factory audit to obtain EAC Certification, but not for a Declaration of Conformity. Also, companies with an EAC Certification are subject to annual factory inspections during the certificate period, and companies with an EAC Declaration are not.
- Legal Validity: The EAC Certificate and EAC Declaration are equally valid in the eyes of the law. However, since the Certificate is more difficult to obtain and involves a third-party review of the product, the EAC Certificate is typically seen as a more trustworthy, reliable indicator of compliance.