_ ЕEC. Almaty, 2 June 2018.
Development of digital platforms in the agroindustrial complex, establishment of an electronic labor exchange and a system of interconnected e-markets for state municipal procurement in the EAEU, introduction of paperless technology in transport and logistics sector – these are some of the initiatives from business and state authorities of the Eurasian “five” countries were discussed at the “Digital Agenda of the EAEU: Initiatives and Projects” meeting within the framework of the “Digital Agenda in the Age of Globalization” forum in Almaty (Republic of Kazakhstan).
“Today, the success of projects on digital transformation of the EAEU economies depends on the efforts of all interested parties and their willingness to cooperate”, noted Karine Minasyan, Member of the EEC Board – Minister in charge of Internal Markets, Information Support, Information & Communication Technologies, “The Commission is ready to act as coordinator of the processes and help business find common ground with national governments and the society”.
According to Karine Minasyan, in a situation where all the countries of the Union are launching their national digital programs, it is important to work out a systematic policy throughout the Eurasian Economic Union. “When harmonized, the efforts of our states would allow us to offer much wider opportunities to the initiators of innovative projects for implementing their ideas and to scale their projects as applied to the specifics of each of our states”, the EEC Minister expressed her confidence.
The participants of the discussion emphasized that formation of a common digital space within the EAEU and implementation of joint projects are impossible without the adoption of common data exchange standards, coordinated principles and rules for identifying subjects in digital format, ensuring interoperability of the national data identification systems, creating an interconnected infrastructure and supporting joint projects.
Specific initiatives from countries were also discussed at the meeting. In particular, introduction of a single format of electronic accompanying documents in mutual and external trade proposed by the representatives of Armenia would significantly reduce the costs of business and simplify the administrative workflow, and also would optimize the process of indirect taxes collection and application of VAT 0% in cross-border trade.
Creation of digital platforms in the agroindustrial complex, according to the representatives from Kazakhstan, will improve the productivity of agriculture and processing industry, increase labor efficiency and optimize manufacturers’ costs. By using horizontal methods for the arrangement of delivery and implementing digital models, logistics costs can be reduced, and continuous interaction with customers and partners can be ensured.
Electronic labor exchange is another initiative suggested by the representatives of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Implementation of this idea would increase the labor mobility of citizens of the Union and ensure that employers provide social guarantees. When using modern models to assess staff competency and carry out online recruiting, the accuracy of determining the professional capacity of the candidate and his/her conformity with the stated requirements is improved. At the same time, the number of administrative barriers and additional procedures to be completed in order to obtain the status of a labor migrant is reduced. There is a possibility of introducing electronic contracts and electronic employment books.
The Kyrgyz side proposed creating a single system of the EAEU electronic trade platforms, which would provide a “single window” for those wishing to participate in state and municipal deliveries throughout the EAEU. An important result of this initiative would be the formation of a single database on demands and requests from the authorities of the Union countries.
A wide range of initiatives including user identification tools and mechanisms when dealing with banking and personal information, depersonalization of personal data, including medical history, formation of common digital platforms to protect the rights of users and developers of intellectual property, implementation and harmonization of the rules for electronic certification, development of digital technologies in the financial sector, was proposed by the Russian side.
Summing up the meeting, its participants emphasized the importance of regular dialogue on all the issues raised. Karine Minasyan stated that the EEC would continue its round of discussions on implementing joint digital projects. The next series of roundtables on digital transformation will take place in May 2018 as part of TIBO-2018, International Forum on Information and Communication Technologies.