Report: Trans-Eurasian Land Transport Corridors: Assessment of Prospects and Barriers

_ IIASA. Laxenburg, 03 June 2018.

Beifert A., Shcherbanin Y., & Vinokurov E. Trans-Eurasian Land Transport Corridors: Assessment of Prospects and Barriers. IIASA. Laxenburg. 2018. – 53 p.

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The research on transport highlights that the ambitious “Belt and Road Initiative” (BRI) is expected to change the nature of connectivity across the Eurasian continent and to bring the traditional and rising markets of Europe and Asia closer together. Over the last four years, cargo flows from China to Europe along the railroad routes through the EAEU, and vice versa, have increased twofold every year. That makes 147,000 containers in 2016. IIASA’s study forecasts further growth of the EU–China cargo turnover carried by railway transport through EAEU countries and sheds some light on the bottlenecks, both in the soft and hard infrastructure, that will need to be overcome to link the EU to China’s and the EAEU’s cooperation on the Silk Road Economic Belt. Among them are differences in gauges, the discrepancy of the requirements established by regulatory enactments (e.g. length of trains), insufficient level of procedural harmonization, and the low development of the Polish railway infrastructure and cross-border points between Belarus and Poland.

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